How to avoid a predatory journal?

Articles or papers that have been researched or compiled in such a way, need to be published immediately. If you are still a beginner, at least we need to understand how to submit a paper in the right way. Submitting a paper means sending a manuscript, paper, or research that we have written to a journal. This process can be done online, especially since the average journal publisher now provides more online services.

The submit paper stage is an important stage, where this stage is the initial stage of publication for papers or research to be better known in the world or the public. After the process of submitting this paper is complete or successful, then just wait for the review process from the publisher or journal publisher. It sounds easy indeed, but there are still many students, lecturers, authors, and researchers who are confused and difficult when submitting to the journal they choose.

Not to mention the risk of meeting predatory or fake journals, which can be detrimental to researchers or authors who write their research. The process of publishing articles or papers through journals also takes a long time. It can take 3 months, 6 months, or even more depending on the journal we choose.

Start with choosing a good journal publisher

For anyone who has ever published an article or scientific work, you must understand that there are many different methods or ways when you want to publish a paper, article, or research. One of them can be through scientific journals only, it can also be through seminars or other methods. It’s just that in general, researchers publish more articles or their work through trusted journals.

Scientific articles that have been compiled require the services of a journal publisher. There are many journal publishers today, some are accredited, and some are not accredited. There are also journal publishers that are included in the “predatory” journals. This is what needs to be considered by researchers who want to publish their work in the right journal, don’t let our work be published in the wrong journal.

How to choose the right journal and not a predatory journal:

  1. Ensure that a trusted institution publishes the journal. It can be seen through the track record or found out from the experience of colleagues or superiors.
  2. Ensure that the journal to be selected has a good reputation, such as domestic and foreign indexation. If the journal has a national reputation, it has been indexed by Sinta. If it is internationally reputable, it can be indexed by Scopus or Web of Science.
  3. Check an up-to-date website that lists predatory journals, such as Jeffrey Beall’s website at If the website or journal name is included in the list, it is likely to be a predatory journal.
  4. Ensure that the author is fully aware of the publishing process, from reviewing, revising, editing, and proofreading, to publishing.
  5. Be aware of journal names that are like other more credible journals. One of the characteristics of predatory journals is having a journal name that is like other journals. This will not be done by credible journals, as they will ensure their identity is unique and always guarantee the credibility of their services.
  6. Furthermore, if there are suspicious things in the process, such as the collection of unreasonable fees and not what is stated on the website, it is necessary to suspect that it is a predatory journal.

Examples of Scopus-indexed or credible journals that can be trusted:

  1. Image of the Scimago website that shows the names of journals based on global rankings:

Source: (Nov. 29, 2022)

  • Scimago website image showing the names of journals based on rankings in Indonesia:

Source: (Nov. 29, 2022)