The IAES’s Nawala: Why should we always be aware of data security?

The IAES’s Nawala: Why should we always be aware of data security?

Greetings, fellow researchers!

This is the IAES’s Nawala from the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science. Today we will share about data security. Security implementation is essential to maintain data confidentiality, integration, and availability. Vulnerable data can be misused by attackers. AlSharaa et al. conducted research that reviews ethical hacking against cyber-attacks to penetration testing. You can read more about it in the following article:

Since 1980 cyberattacks have been evolving with the rising numbers of internet users and the constant evolving of security systems, and since then security systems experts have been trying to fight these kinds of attacks. This paper has both ethical and scientific goals, ethically, to raise awareness on cyberattacks and provide people with the knowledge that allows them to use the world wide web with fewer worries knowing how to protect their information and their devices with what they can. Scientifically, this paper includes a deep understanding of types of hackers, attacks, and various ways to stay safe online. This research investigates how ethical hackers adapt to the current and upcoming cyber threats. The different approaches for some famous hacking types along with their results are shown. Python and Ruby are used for coding, which we run on Kali Linux operating system.

Selected advanced themes in ethical hacking and penetration testing
Buthayna AlSharaa, Saed Thuneibat, Rawan Masadeh, Mohammad Alqaisi

Data security planning is an important thing to consider improving confidentiality and privacy assurance. Cybersecurity ethical competence in organizations needs to be created and agreed upon to handle cyber-attacks.  An overview of Ethical competence has been detailed by Ariffin and Maskat in the following research:

A proactive cyber security plan to safeguard confidential information and privacy still lacks initiatives to avoid frequent harmful attacks. Cybersecurity professionals must possess ethical competence and prove worthy of overseeing valuable information for efficient decision‐making since ethical competence is fundamental for daily practice. There is a need to define what it means to be ethically competent in the era of IR4.0. The previous competence models still lack consideration of both artificial intelligence (AI) and emotional intelligence (EI) skills. AI brings new opportunities to cyber security organizations that focus on AI skills related to cognitive Intelligence or intelligent quotient (IQ). EI, which refers to emotional quotient (EQ), is a good predictor of ethical competence as it can perceive and express emotions precisely to facilitate thought to understand and manage emotions. However, practically, most cyber security organizations focused on AI skills and disregarded EI skills’ roles. This research proposes a cyber artemotional model that blends AI skills and EI skills for cyber security employees. This research would benefit cyber security organizations with cyber artemotional model as employees ethical competence assessment, and it is in line with the demand of IR4.0.

A proposal of ethical competence model for cyber security organization
Nor Hapiza Mohd Ariffin, Ruhaila Maskat

Cyber-attacks compromise the confidentiality and privacy of data. This disrupts organizational activities. Such as data modification and hijacking attacks, data that has been modified by the attacker will no longer be integrated with the original data. Changes in data by unauthorized parties will have an impact on decreasing customer trust in the organization. Kaviani et al. in their research conducted an in-depth review related to cyber-attacks, especially data modification attacks. The details can be read at:

This paper is a review of types of modification data attack based on computer systems and it explores the vulnerabilities and mitigations. Altering information is a kind of cyber-attack during which intruders interfere, catch, alter, take, or erase critical data on the PCs and applications through using network exploit or by running malicious executable codes on victim’s system. One of the most difficult and trendy areas in information security is to protect the sensitive information and secure devices from any kind of threats. Latest advancements in information technology in the field of information security reveal huge amount of budget funded for and spent on developing and addressing security threats to mitigate them. This helps in a variety of settings such as military, business, science, and entertainment. Considering all concerns, the security issues almost always come at first as the most critical concerns in the modern time. As a matter of fact, there is no ultimate security solution; although recent developments in security analysis are finding daily vulnerabilities, there are many motivations to spend billions of dollars to ensure there are vulnerabilities waiting for any kind of breach or exploit to penetrate into the systems and networks and achieve particular interests. In terms of modifying data and information, from old-fashioned attacks to recent cyber ones, all of the attacks are using the same signature: either controlling data streams to easily breach system protections or using non-control-data attack approaches. Both methods can damage applications which work on decision-making data, user input data, configuration data, or user identity data to a large extent. In this review paper, we have tried to express trends of vulnerabilities in the network protocols’ applications.

Modification data attack inside computer systems: a critical review
Vahid Kaviani J, Parvin Ahmadi Doval Amiri, Farsad Zamani Brujeni, Nima Akhlaghi

Awareness of data security needs to be increased to anticipate cyber-attacks. Fadli et al. conducted research on understanding related to awareness and prevention of cyber-attacks. The research was used to measure the level of understanding of the threat of cyber-attacks and their prevention. More details are explained on the following page:

This article aims to provide an overview of cyber attack awareness and prevention in network security. This article discussed the different types of cyber attacks, current trends of cyber attacks, how to prevent cyber attacks and uum students’ awareness of cyber attacks. First, we will go over the different types of cyber attack, current trend, impact of cyber attack and the prevention. The approach entailed comparing and observing the outcomes of 13 different papers. The survey’s findings would demonstrate the results obtained after analyzing the data collection which are the questionnaire filled out by respondents after watching the cyber attack awareness video to improve awareness of students through the cyber attack. Depending on the outcome of this survey, we will have a better understanding of current students’ knowledge and awareness of cyber attacks, allowing us to improve students’ understanding of cyber threats and the necessity of cyber security.

Cyber attack awareness and prevention in network security
Zolkipli Mohamad Fadli, Shu See Yong, Low Kai Kee, Gan Hui Ching

Some of the articles above are just a few of the many studies related to cybersecurity. To get more information you can access for FREE at:,, dan

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