How to write a reference section?
Writing a reference section is important in a research article. This section serves to provide a list of sources that have been cited or referred to in the article. With references, readers can easily find and verify the information used in your research. Here are some guidelines that can be followed to write the reference section correctly.
- First, follow the citation style required by the institution, at IAES we use the IEEE style. Each citation style has different guidelines for formatting references, so make sure you follow the appropriate guidelines.
- Second, organize the references chronologically starting from the earliest publication.
- Third, for common types of sources, such as books, journal articles, websites, and conference papers, you need to include basic information such as:
- Books: Include the author’s name, year of publication, title, place of publication, and publisher.
- Journal Article: Include the author’s name, year of publication, article title, journal title, volume number, issue number (if applicable), page number, and DOI (if applicable).
- Website: Include author if available, date of publication or update, page or article title, website name, URL, and date of access.
- Conference Papers: Include authors, year of publication, paper title, conference name, page number, and DOI (if available).
- Fourth, ensure consistency in formatting references. Pay attention to details such as capitalization, punctuation, and italicization, as these can differ between citation styles.
- Fifth, if available, include a digital object identifier (DOI) for journal articles and other online sources. The DOI is a stable link to the source, which makes it easier for readers to access the full text of the source.
- Sixth, double-check the accuracy of the references. Make sure the names, dates, and page numbers are correct, as errors in the reference section can hurt the credibility of the article.
- Seventh, make sure to include all sources cited in the article in the reference section. Conversely, do not include sources in the reference list if you do not cite them in the article.
- Furthermore, use the correct way of citing and referring to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is a serious academic offense and can have severe consequences, therefore it is very important to list references correctly.
- Ninth, consider using an online citation tool such as Mendeley to help manage and format references appropriately.
- Finally, if unsure about how to format references correctly, or if you have specific questions, do not hesitate to consult your institution’s style guide or local librarian. They can help provide more specific guidance.
Remember that having accurate and properly formatted references will increase the credibility of your research and demonstrate your commitment to academic integrity.