How to write a result section?
The Results section in a scientific article is important for presenting research findings in a clear and organized manner. This guide suggests some effective steps in writing the Results section:
- Firstly, organize the section with clear and informative subheadings like “Results” or “Findings”.
- Start summarizing the main findings of your research, which will give the reader a brief overview of the main results.
- Also, use visual aids such as tables, figures, graphs, and charts to visually present the data. This will make it easier for readers to understand complex information and identify trends in your research results.
- In organizing numerical data, it is important to report the research results in a logical order, such as the order of the research questions or the order in which the experiments were conducted.
- Furthermore, descriptive statistics need to be presented, such as means and standard deviations, for each measured variable. This information can be included in tables or text, depending on the complexity of the data.
- If statistical analysis has been conducted, the results also need to be reported. This includes the type of statistical test used, the value of the test statistic, degrees of freedom, p value, and effect size.
- Use Text to Interpret Visual Aids: If you use graphs or charts, provide a brief description of what each visual representation shows. Highlight key points or patterns evident in the visuals.
- If using graphs or charts, give a brief explanation of what each visual representation shows. It is important to emphasize the main points or patterns seen in the visual.
- Next, relate the results to the research question or hypothesis posed. Explain how the findings support or refute the initial expectations.
- When writing up research results, it is important to be objective and avoid interpretation or speculation.
- Furthermore, make sure to use consistent verb tenses throughout the research results section.
- The Results section of a research report should include explanations of significant patterns, trends, and relationships found in the data. It is important to use text and visual aids, such as tables and figures, to clarify these points.
- Do not be afraid to report negative results, as these findings are important to the scientific community. In reporting findings, refer to relevant tables or figures where appropriate.
- Finally, limit excessive detail and focus on the most relevant and significant findings.
Avoid interpreting results in the Results section, save interpretation and discussion for the appropriate sections. The Results section should be well organized and easy to follow using a clear structure, visual aids, and concise descriptions to help readers understand the findings presented.